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张英健 | 破解难点堵点 以需求定供给促进海水淡化高质量发展
发布日期:2021-06-17 信息来源:中咨研究 访问次数: 字号:[ ]

破解难点堵点 以需求定供给  促进海水淡化高(gao)质量发(fa)展

——《海水淡化利用发展行动计划(2021—2025年)》政策解(jie)读

海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡化(hua)(hua)利(li)用是我国沿海(hai)(hai)地区(qu)、离岸海(hai)(hai)岛缓(huan)解水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)供(gong)需矛盾(dun)、优化(hua)(hua)供(gong)水(shui)(shui)结构、强化(hua)(hua)开源(yuan)(yuan)补(bu)源(yuan)(yuan)的重要措(cuo)施,但目前还存(cun)在进(jin)入网困(kun)难、技术滞(zhi)后、激(ji)励政(zheng)策不匹(pi)配(pei)等问题,制约了(le)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡化(hua)(hua)利(li)用发展。为解决上述问题,国家发展改革(ge)委、自然资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)部联合(he)印发了(le)《海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡化(hua)(hua)利(li)用发展行(xing)动计(ji)划(2021—2025年)》((发改环资(zi)〔2021〕711号,以下简(jian)称《行(xing)动计(ji)划》)。

《行动计划》以(yi)海(hai)水(shui)淡化产业高质(zhi)量发(fa)展需(xu)求为(wei)(wei)导向,以(yi)保障沿(yan)海(hai)缺水(shui)地(di)区生(sheng)活生(sheng)产用水(shui)安全为(wei)(wei)目标,既强化了顶(ding)层设计,又明确了重点工程(cheng),对于推进(jin)海(hai)水(shui)淡化产业可(ke)持续发(fa)展、缓(huan)解(jie)我国水(shui)资源供需(xu)矛盾(dun)、促进(jin)沿(yan)海(hai)地(di)区经济(ji)社(she)会高质(zhi)量发(fa)展具(ju)有重要意义。

一、统筹协调,强化统一配置能力

海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)是沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu)的重(zhong)要水(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)之一,应(ying)(ying)(ying)结(jie)合(he)各地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu)发展(zhan)需求和(he)水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)禀赋进(jin)行(xing)(xing)统一规划(hua)和(he)布局,优(you)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)供应(ying)(ying)(ying)结(jie)构(gou)。《行(xing)(xing)动(dong)计(ji)划(hua)》提出,将海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)纳入(ru)区(qu)(qu)域水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)规划(hua)和(he)水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)统一配置(zhi),使不同(tong)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu)在提高水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)中海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)的配置(zhi)比(bi)例方(fang)面都有“径”可循。针(zhen)对(dui)沿海(hai)(hai)缺水(shui)(shui)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu),要将海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)作为生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)补(bu)充水(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)、市政新(xin)增供水(shui)(shui)及重(zhong)要应(ying)(ying)(ying)急备(bei)用(yong)水(shui)(shui)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),切(qie)实纳入(ru)和(he)水(shui)(shui)资(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)统一配置(zhi),保(bao)障(zhang)沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)活(huo)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态用(yong)水(shui)(shui)。针(zhen)对(dui)非(fei)沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu),《行(xing)(xing)动(dong)计(ji)划(hua)》也鼓励探索实施海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)(shui)向非(fei)沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)(di)(di)(di)区(qu)(qu)输配,优(you)化(hua)供水(shui)(shui)结(jie)构(gou),有效压(ya)减地(di)(di)(di)(di)下水(shui)(shui)开(kai)采量,促进(jin)区(qu)(qu)域供水(shui)(shui)安全(quan)和(he)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态安全(quan)。

二、明确主体,分级分类试点示范

《行动(dong)计划》针对(dui)不同主(zhu)体(ti)的(de)特点(dian)和需(xu)求(qiu),分级分类提出(chu)行动(dong)任务和试点(dian)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)。一是(shi)沿(yan)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)地(di)区海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)——推(tui)动(dong)辽宁(ning)、天津(jin)等(deng)(deng)沿(yan)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)缺水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)地(di)区建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)大(da)型海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),做好厂网一体(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)和配套设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),依法强化(hua)(hua)(hua)重点(dian)项目的(de)用(yong)(yong)地(di)用(yong)(yong)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)、配套设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)等(deng)(deng)保(bao)障(zhang);二是(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)园区海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)利用(yong)(yong)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)——鼓(gu)励(li)沿(yan)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)园区及火电、核电、石油等(deng)(deng)高(gao)(gao)耗水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)项目配套自(zi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)或第(di)三方投建(jian)(jian)(jian)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi),普及推(tui)广海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)循环(huan)冷却(que)技术应用(yong)(yong),提高(gao)(gao)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)资源(yuan)利用(yong)(yong)效率,推(tui)动(dong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)5—10个海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)利用(yong)(yong)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)园区;三是(shi)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)岛海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)——在(zai)辽宁(ning)、山东等(deng)(deng)地(di)区离岸海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)岛布局建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)一批海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)岛海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)和配套矿(kuang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)后处理工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),鼓(gu)励(li)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)利用(yong)(yong)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)洋(yang)能(neng)、风能(neng)、太阳能(neng)等(deng)(deng)可(ke)再生(sheng)能(neng)源(yuan)用(yong)(yong)于海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua),保(bao)障(zhang)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)岛生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)生(sheng)活用(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)需(xu)求(qiu);四是(shi)鼓(gu)励(li)远洋(yang)渔船、海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)洋(yang)平台(tai)加装易维护海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)装置,提升(sheng)持(chi)续生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)作业(ye)(ye)能(neng)力。五是(shi)强调开展集成(cheng)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan),推(tui)动(dong)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)4—6个海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)城(cheng)市,建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)若干10—30万吨/日海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)示(shi)(shi)(shi)范(fan)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng),形成(cheng)典型模(mo)式推(tui)广应用(yong)(yong)。聚(ju)焦(jiao)这些实施(shi)(shi)区域和主(zhu)体(ti),才能(neng)更快(kuai)的(de)提升(sheng)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)平,构建(jian)(jian)(jian)完善的(de)政(zheng)策标(biao)准体(ti)系,逐步形成(cheng)具(ju)有国际竞(jing)争力的(de)海(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)规模(mo)化(hua)(hua)(hua)利用(yong)(yong)能(neng)力。

三、存量提质,充分挖潜现有能力

《行(xing)动(dong)计划(hua)(hua)(hua)》在规划(hua)(hua)(hua)未来(lai)5年海(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)(dan)化(hua)利(li)用(yong)产业发(fa)展重点上(shang),高度(du)重视(shi)现有(you)存量产能的发(fa)挥和(he)挖(wa)潜(qian)。我国(guo)海(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)(dan)化(hua)工程广泛(fan)分(fen)布于(yu)(yu)我国(guo)沿海(hai)(hai)(hai)地区(qu)和(he)离岸海(hai)(hai)(hai)岛,淡(dan)(dan)化(hua)总能力(li)约(yue)165万(wan)立方米/日,已(yi)具备较(jiao)好的基础。但此前(qian)由于(yu)(yu)缺乏统筹规划(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)布局,部分(fen)地区(qu)存在海(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)(dan)化(hua)项目急用(yong)急建(jian)(jian),重复建(jian)(jian)设等问题,《行(xing)动(dong)计划(hua)(hua)(hua)》针对(dui)此类问题,有(you)针对(dui)性(xing)的提出具备条件地区(qu),要充分(fen)利(li)用(yong)好已(yi)建(jian)(jian)海(hai)(hai)(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)(dan)化(hua)工程产能,避免现有(you)产能空(kong)置,新建(jian)(jian)产能浪费等现象。

我国海(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)历(li)经近(jin)30年的发展历(li)程,部分海(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)设施(shi)由于建设时(shi)间(jian)早、运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)系统落后,存在能耗(hao)高、运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)状况(kuang)不良、淡(dan)化(hua)后海(hai)水(shui)(shui)的稳(wen)定(ding)性安全性难以保障等问题,《行(xing)(xing)(xing)动计划》中专门提出对能耗(hao)物耗(hao)较高、运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)状况(kuang)欠佳的现有海(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)设施(shi)进(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)升级改造(zao)。建议(yi)各地(di)要加强对现有海(hai)水(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产能的潜力挖掘和利用,摸清(qing)底数(shu),提升设施(shi)运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)水(shui)(shui)平。

四、增量建设,需求引导供给培育

在海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)增量产(chan)(chan)能方面(mian),我(wo)们(men)认为应(ying)按(an)照“以(yi)需(xu)(xu)(xu)定质,以(yi)需(xu)(xu)(xu)定供,按(an)需(xu)(xu)(xu)分(fen)(fen)配”的(de)(de)(de)原则规(gui)(gui)划(hua)建(jian)设(she),要(yao)重点解决供用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)一体(ti)化(hua)(hua)问题,确保(bao)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)有(you)(you)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)途、有(you)(you)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)户,真正(zheng)成为沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)区传统水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)资源的(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)效补充。《行动(dong)计(ji)(ji)划(hua)》提(ti)出(chu)沿海(hai)(hai)地(di)区要(yao)综(zong)合考虑产(chan)(chan)业(ye)政策、本地(di)淡(dan)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)资源条件和(he)(he)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)能力合理规(gui)(gui)划(hua)工(gong)业(ye)园区建(jian)设(she)和(he)(he)高耗水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)集聚,制(zhi)定海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)及海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)直接利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)年度工(gong)作计(ji)(ji)划(hua)。对(dui)于(yu)沿海(hai)(hai)缺水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)地(di)区具备条件但未充分(fen)(fen)利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)的(de)(de)(de)高耗水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)项(xiang)目和(he)(he)工(gong)业(ye)园区,要(yao)依法严控其新增取水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)许可,并(bing)鼓励(li)(li)优先(xian)利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui),就是从强化(hua)(hua)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)总量控制(zhi)和(he)(he)需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)导(dao)向角度,推(tui)(tui)进工(gong)业(ye)园区积极利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui);以(yi)工(gong)业(ye)为主海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)和(he)(he)以(yi)旅游为主海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)存在用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)短期(qi)内突增和(he)(he)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)峰谷差较大等情况(kuang),结(jie)合实际需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu),《行动(dong)计(ji)(ji)划(hua)》提(ti)出(chu)要(yao)适度超前布局建(jian)设(she)海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)设(she)施;针对(dui)海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)面(mian)积和(he)(he)人(ren)口(kou)居(ju)住情况(kuang),用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)悬殊,《行动(dong)计(ji)(ji)划(hua)》提(ti)出(chu)面(mian)积较大、海(hai)(hai)洋经济发展较快的(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)居(ju)民海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)优先(xian)建(jian)设(she)规(gui)(gui)模(mo)不小于(yu)1000吨/日(ri)的(de)(de)(de)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)程(cheng),满(man)足生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)生(sheng)活生(sheng)态用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu);鼓励(li)(li)在面(mian)积较小、人(ren)口(kou)稀少(shao)的(de)(de)(de)有(you)(you)居(ju)民海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao)和(he)(he)依法开发利(li)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)的(de)(de)(de)无居(ju)民海(hai)(hai)岛(dao)(dao),逐(zhu)步(bu)推(tui)(tui)动(dong)建(jian)设(she)规(gui)(gui)模(mo)小于(yu)1000吨/日(ri)的(de)(de)(de)海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)装(zhuang)置。总体(ti)上(shang)(shang)来看,《行动(dong)计(ji)(ji)划(hua)》在增量产(chan)(chan)能导(dao)向上(shang)(shang),着重强调以(yi)需(xu)(xu)(xu)求(qiu)(qiu)导(dao)向为主要(yao)出(chu)发点,因地(di)制(zhi)宜、分(fen)(fen)类推(tui)(tui)进海(hai)(hai)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)(hua)工(gong)程(cheng)新建(jian)任务。

五、强化保障,构建系统“软实力”

推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)利用(yong)(yong)重(zhong)在落(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi),难在落(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)。针对强(qiang)化(hua)技术(shu)创新(xin)(xin)和产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)水(shui)平、健(jian)全标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)监管(guan)、确(que)保资金支持(chi)、加(jia)强(qiang)组织(zhi)协调(diao)(diao)、促进(jin)(jin)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)(ji)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)五大(da)层面(mian),《行(xing)动计(ji)划》提(ti)出(chu)要系(xi)统推(tui)(tui)动、全方(fang)(fang)(fang)位落(luo)实(shi)(shi)(shi)五方(fang)(fang)(fang)面(mian)措施,逐步提(ti)升(sheng)海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)利用(yong)(yong)的(de)综合(he)(he)实(shi)(shi)(shi)力,进(jin)(jin)而强(qiang)化(hua)《行(xing)动计(ji)划》的(de)务实(shi)(shi)(shi)推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)。《行(xing)动计(ji)划》提(ti)出(chu)要充分(fen)(fen)(fen)发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)技术(shu)创新(xin)(xin)中心、产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)集群和产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)盟的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),将海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)关键(jian)核心技术(shu)研发(fa)纳入(ru)国(guo)(guo)家科技创新(xin)(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)规(gui)划,做好海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)补(bu)链、强(qiang)链、延链工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),健(jian)全政(zheng)产(chan)(chan)学研商用(yong)(yong)协作(zuo)(zuo)机制(zhi),从强(qiang)化(hua)核心技术(shu)研发(fa)、完善产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)供应链条(tiao)、提(ti)升(sheng)服务能力三方(fang)(fang)(fang)面(mian)促进(jin)(jin)海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)高质(zhi)量发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。要充分(fen)(fen)(fen)发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)政(zheng)策标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)体(ti)(ti)系(xi)的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),适时制(zhi)定浓(nong)盐水(shui)排放国(guo)(guo)家、地方(fang)(fang)(fang)和企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)三级监管(guan)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)、海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)入(ru)网监管(guan)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)、海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)能耗和产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)质(zhi)量控制(zhi)监管(guan)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)、海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)用(yong)(yong)工(gong)(gong)程装备(bei)(bei)及(ji)核心技术(shu)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)团体(ti)(ti)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)等(deng)一系(xi)列标(biao)(biao)准(zhun),构建(jian)支撑政(zheng)策法(fa)规(gui)实(shi)(shi)(shi)施的(de)数据标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)体(ti)(ti)系(xi),推(tui)(tui)动海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)形成可复制(zhi)、可推(tui)(tui)广的(de)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)化(hua)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)模式。要充分(fen)(fen)(fen)发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)政(zheng)府财政(zheng)补(bu)贴(tie)和社会资本的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),鼓励采用(yong)(yong)政(zheng)府购买服务或(huo)补(bu)贴(tie)等(deng)方(fang)(fang)(fang)式推(tui)(tui)动海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)水(shui)用(yong)(yong)于城市(shi)公共市(shi)政(zheng)供水(shui),鼓励社会资本以(yi)多元化(hua)方(fang)(fang)(fang)式积极参与,中央和地方(fang)(fang)(fang)资金对海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)予以(yi)适当(dang)支持(chi)。要充分(fen)(fen)(fen)发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)海(hai)水(shui)淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)部际(ji)(ji)协调(diao)(diao)机制(zhi)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),加(jia)强(qiang)综合(he)(he)协调(diao)(diao),解(jie)决重(zhong)大(da)问题,形成工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)合(he)(he)力,有效推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)实(shi)(shi)(shi)施。要充分(fen)(fen)(fen)发(fa)挥(hui)(hui)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)(ji)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)机制(zhi)的(de)作(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong),开展(zhan)(zhan)多元化(hua)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)和多层次人才交(jiao)流培养,推(tui)(tui)动我企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)技术(shu)设备(bei)(bei)标(biao)(biao)准(zhun)“走出(chu)去”,打造(zao)国(guo)(guo)际(ji)(ji)合(he)(he)作(zuo)(zuo)竞争新(xin)(xin)优势。

《行(xing)动(dong)(dong)计(ji)划(hua)》是(shi)对《中(zhong)华人民(min)共和(he)(he)(he)国(guo)国(guo)民(min)经(jing)济和(he)(he)(he)社会发(fa)展第(di)十四个(ge)五年(nian)规划(hua)和(he)(he)(he)2035年(nian)远景目标纲(gang)要》(点(dian)击(ji)链(lian)(lian)接,阅读原文(wen))中(zhong)推进海(hai)水淡(dan)化(hua)规模(mo)化(hua)利(li)用要求的具体(ti)落(luo)实(shi),也是(shi)新时期引(yin)导相(xiang)关地(di)区开展海(hai)水淡(dan)化(hua)工作的重(zhong)要文(wen)件。下一步建议(yi)要以(yi)《行(xing)动(dong)(dong)计(ji)划(hua)》为(wei)引(yin)领,以(yi)挖潜存量能力为(wei)基础,以(yi)建设(she)增(zeng)量产(chan)能为(wei)重(zhong)点(dian),以(yi)构建系(xi)统(tong)软实(shi)力为(wei)驱动(dong)(dong),以(yi)推进示范试点(dian)为(wei)抓手,逐步提升海(hai)水淡(dan)化(hua)产(chan)业链(lian)(lian)供应链(lian)(lian)水平,推动(dong)(dong)水资源多元高效利(li)用,促进我国(guo)沿海(hai)区域经(jing)济社会实(shi)现高质(zhi)量发(fa)展。

注:原文载自国家发展改革(ge)委微信客户端。




 
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